Fractured Leg, Fractured Family: A Misdiagnosis Leads to Allegations of Child Abuse

Print More

X-ray of Anthony Boyd's fractured leg.

X-ray-edit-1170x725When Anthony Richards, Jr., was born on an early Sunday morning in June, the only complications involved his family getting the cameras in focus to capture his arrival into the world. He was a healthy baby and his parents, Queenyona Boyd and Anthony Richards, Sr., couldn’t have been happier. Yet, only four days later Anthony was put in foster care after doctors discovered an unexplained broken femur, his distraught parents the suspects of child abuse.

A Protective Father’s Discovery

After the hospital discharged Boyd and her baby boy, Richards took the two straight home later that Sunday. The following day, Boyd slipped out to pick up her prescriptions at a pharmacy only a short drive away. She wasn’t gone long when she received a phone call from her husband. Something was wrong with Anthony.

Although Boyd had a daughter already, Richards was a first-time dad. And like many first-time dads he was protective to a fault and he worried, maybe a little too much. So when he found a lump on Anthony’s leg while changing a diaper, he grew concerned.

“Did you notice his leg has some swelling?” he asked Boyd.

“Is it where he got the hepatitis B vaccine?” she asked. Richards said it was. Boyd wasn’t worried. Swelling around inoculations is normal, she thought. But she came home just in case.

Anthony was due for his three-day check-up with the pediatrician on Wednesday, but his parents moved it up to Tuesday as a precaution. The swelling was still present despite their efforts.Her husband wasn’t convinced the swelling was from the vaccine so he called his sister, a nurse. She told them to put warm compresses on the leg and massage the swollen area. Baby Anthony never cried while his parents followed the nurse’s advice. He even fell asleep.

At the check-up, the pediatrician gave Anthony a clean bill of health. The only problem he saw was the swelling on the baby’s leg. He referred them to the emergency room at Children’s Health Care of Atlanta’s (CHOA) Egleston hospital in metro Atlanta. (A spokesperson for CHOA declined to comment for this story citing patient privacy concerns.)

In the ER, the doctor looked Anthony over and said that he thought the swelling could be a result of the hepatitis B injection missing the muscle. Swelling like Anthony had is not uncommon if the injection is mistakenly delivered subcutaneously. The doctor ordered X-rays and an ultrasound to be sure. Through it all, Anthony didn’t cry except when they were changing his diaper and Boyd suspected this was because Anthony had been circumcised Sunday.

First, they X-rayed Anthony’s leg. While the images were developing they took Anthony for the ultrasound, but just before they were to begin, the X-ray technician rushed into the room.

“Stop the ultrasound,” she said. “There’s a break.”

That’s when everything changed for Anthony’s parents.

The Science of Misdiagnosis of Child Abuse

In a recent report, the federal Administration on Children, Youth and Families estimated that 702,000 children were victims of maltreatment in 2009. That’s the equivalent of nine abused children for every 1000 in the population. But the report also says that only one in five investigations of abuse are substantiated. The rest, 80 percent, are cases in which the children are “found to be non-victims of maltreatment.”

What is not counted in the study is the number of investigations leading to deprivation (the state taking the child from the parents and placing them in foster care) before the parents are ultimately cleared of abuse. No one knows how many incidences of misdiagnosis occur each year. But one Child Welfare Law Specialist from Atlanta, Diana Rugh Johnson (who would eventually represent Boyd and Anthony) says she has brought six cases of misdiagnosis to trial in the last two years.

“Once a child abuse expert says there has been child abuse, that’s not the end of the investigation,” she said. “It’s the beginning.”

Experts must determine whether an injury is the result of trauma or was accidental or natural. But once a child abuse expert makes a determination of abuse, says Dr. Julie Mack, professor of radiology at Hershey Medical Center in Pennsylvania, it becomes very difficult to change the tenor of the conversation.

“The problem,” Mack wrote in an email, “is with the assumption of trauma — it becomes the default diagnosis, the one that is assumed as most likely. This is a dangerous assumption for the patient (who may have an underlying medical disease) and for the parents (who will appropriately deny trauma if none existent).”

In her cases, Johnson has found the same thing. She relies on out-of-state medical experts because she often cannot find a doctor locally who would publicly disagree with CHOA’s child abuse expert.

“Once [the child abuse expert] says it’s child abuse, everyone else shuts up,” she wrote.

But in infants especially, Mack wrote, “it is not appropriate to assume trauma is the most likely diagnosis, particularly in the absence of outward evidence of trauma.” Although, she adds, no physician she knows believes child abuse is not a reality. “Children are abused by their parents,” she wrote. Because of that, it is important to work hard to find the correct diagnosis.

“Fractures in the absence of history of significant trauma,” she wrote, “are also a characteristic feature of fractures caused by bone diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, bone disease of prematurity, and bone disease associated with vitamin deficiencies (rickets).”

Often cited as a contributing factor is rickets, a disorder that causes weak or soft bones.  Rickets is often caused by a deficiency of vitamin D and in many cases a vitamin D deficiency in the mother will lead to the same deficiency in their newborn. But vitamin D deficiency may be hard to diagnose.

In a commentary in the journal Pediatrics, Dr. Colin Patterson of the University of Dundee, Scotland, writes that one difficulty in the diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency, “is that the radiologic signs may be absent or unimpressive in cases of children with biochemically severe deficiency, which is particularly true of infants younger than one year.”

The conundrum, Mack says, occurs in an infant with fractures. “If a child presents with multiple fractures, but no clinical history or signs of trauma, ‘hidden’ (abusive) forceful trauma is often assumed,” she said. “The logic used is ‘abuse is present because the parents have failed to explain the fractures.’”

Queenyana Boyd struggled with a vitamin D deficiency throughout her pregnancy with Anthony.

“Are you here to take my child away?” 

Boyd and Richards were in shock. How could Anthony’s leg be broken? You must have the wrong family, they told the X-ray tech. They had brought the newborn to the hospital because of complications from a vaccination. But the tech confirmed their details. It was true; Anthony had a broken leg.

When Boyd and her husband returned to their room in the ER, the doctor and a social worker met them. The doctor spoke first.

Absolutely not, Boyd and Richards told him. The social worker spoke up wanting to know what happened, so Boyd told them both the story, from the moment her husband discovered the swelling to when they arrived at the ER.“I’m sorry,” he said. “I should have asked you if you could have dropped Anthony or if he could have fallen.”

Richards’ eyes were tearing up. “Are you here to take my child away?” he asked the social worker. Boyd refused to believe that. They’d done nothing wrong.

“Well,” the social worker said, “we’re going to have to admit him to the hospital and do further tests.”

No one took their son that day. In fact, Boyd and Richards were allowed to stay in the hospital with Anthony, often alone in their room with the door closed, while Anthony was breastfed.

A caseworker from Georgia’s Child Protective Services (CPS) arrived later that day and began interviewing Anthony’s family. He spoke with Boyd and Richards, Boyd’s 7-year-old daughter Anya, Boyd’s sister and Richards’ mother, who had flown in after the birth. He also interviewed the nurses who had treated Anthony in the hospital. No one had a negative thing to say. The caseworker even told Boyd that her Anya was very happy and showed no signs of abuse. (Repeated calls to CPS were not returned.)

Boyd then asked the caseworker to contact Anthony’s pediatrician. She was told he would get to that later. He then explained to Boyd and Richards they needed to meet with a representative from the hospital’s child protection division. In the meantime, doctors continued to run tests on baby Anthony.

The next morning, the couple arrived for the interview with the child protection division. Once again they told the story of finding the swollen leg and how they had wound up in an interview with protective services. The representative said that she saw no indications of abuse; the break looked like “one of those things that happens.” Boyd agreed. She was also struggling to pinpoint when or how the leg could have broken.

Following the interview, a doctor from the child protection division spent a few minutes examining Anthony. He told the parents that Anthony appeared to be completely healthy, save for the broken leg.

Boyd and Richards were beginning to feel a little relief. They felt that if the hospital or CPS truly suspected abuse they would have contacted the police by now. At this point, it had been more than a day since the break was discovered. Boyd and Richards had been left alone with Anthony on multiple occasions. No one involved in the case had indicated seeing any signs of abuse. But as the day wore on, the couple began to worry. Although it was true no one had said their case looked like abuse, no one had told them they were cleared either. The pair repeatedly called the CPS caseworker asking for information but they never received any.

That evening, the CPS caseworker walked into their hospital room with a security officer. “I’m sorry,” he said, “but I have to take your son into custody.”

With those words Boyd felt the air go out of her. “Why?” she managed to ask. “Why are you taking our son?”

The caseworker explained that the report from the child protection division doctor who had examined Anthony concluded the break was non-accidental and to investigate possible child abuse.

“There’s nothing we can do,” he told her.

Boyd pleaded with the caseworker, asking if her sister could take Anthony rather than placing him in foster care. She was told that was impossible. He had no choice but to put Anthony in foster care. As CPS took her son away, Boyd felt like Anthony was being kidnapped. She had no idea where her son was — CPS wouldn’t tell her — and she had no way of continuing to breastfeed him. Boyd wouldn’t learn where her child was for five more days.

How Big a Problem?

Misdiagnosis of child abuse occurs, especially in infants. It is the word of the parents against the medical opinion of the doctor who examines the child. But is it a growing problem?

“I think it has been a problem since the 1990s or maybe a little earlier -– we just didn’t know it,” Seattle attorney Heather Kirkwood said. “In the past decade, it has begun to spiral, I think . . . one of those pendulums that swings too far and is due for correction. [The same thing] happened in antitrust, too, just not with such disastrous consequences. Here, I suspect that we are looking at hundreds to thousands of destroyed families and falsely imprisoned parents and caretakers.”

Kirkwood has handled a number of high profile cases of misdiagnosed child abuse. Her cases have been written about in The New York Times and The Chicago Tribune. Others were featured on the PBS documentary series, Frontline, as well as on NPR and ProPublica.

According to Kirkwood, many misdiagnoses originate “simply because we don’t know (or in some cases have forgotten) how to diagnose vitamin D deficiency (rickets), vitamin C deficiency (scurvy), etc.”

“Often the key to the diagnosis,” she said, “is that the child has no bruises, no pain and the ‘fractures’ are self-curing — with good nutrition, the bones will develop normally without any other intervention.  Not, in short, your typical fracture picture.”

The first step for Kirkwood when investigating is to do a retrospective diagnosis.

“In that stage,” she said, “I work with experts and read the literature to see how the medical findings fit together, both within the disciplines and with the clinical history. Sometimes it takes quite a few tries before we begin to put the entire picture together.”

Over time, in what is an evolving process, she has learned what to look for.

“When I first began to review cases,” she said, “I assumed that one fracture might be accidental but that multiple fractures without a major accident must be abusive.”

As she examined more cases, however, she began to conclude “that in cases in which the baby has no bruises or signs of abuse and otherwise seems well cared for, the opposite is true: the more fractures there are, the more likely it is that we are looking at some type of metabolic bone disease.”

And rickets often leads to fractures. Patterson, in his commentary in Pediatrics, writes, “In a recent retrospective study, fractures were found in seven of 40 children younger than 24 months with overt radiologic evidence of rickets.”

A Mother’s Anguish

It was Wednesday evening. Boyd’s son had been placed in foster care earlier in the day. She was distraught and couldn’t understand why CPS wouldn’t let Anthony go with a family member. She called her aunt who had been in the delivery room when Anthony was born.

She was feeling hysterical and needed to talk to someone she trusted who would calm her down. While on the phone, her aunt began flipping through the pictures she’d taken at the delivery. And that’s when — in the middle of the conversation — Boyd’s aunt made a startling discovery that would further alter the course of events.

“I’m going to send you a picture,” her aunt said. “Did you see your son’s leg?”

Boyd’s aunt immediately emailed the camera phone picture to her. Boyd looked at the photograph, taken moments after delivery before the umbilical cord was cut; Anthony’s leg was already swollen in the photo. Boyd searched her own pictures for a higher resolution picture and found another that showed Anthony’s leg was swollen at birth. She discovered a picture on her camera taken at nearly the same moment as her aunt’s picture. It two appeared to show swelling on Anthony’s leg.

If the leg was broken before Boyd had even held her baby — and the swollen leg in the photos would seem to indicate that — CPS had no case. This was all the evidence she needed, Boyd thought. She emailed the photos to CPS the same night and asked that they be shown to the doctor at the child protective division at CHOA hospital. She never heard back.

Outraged at CPS for not communicating with her and impatient for the first hearing Monday (delayed until after the weekend because of a state furlough day on Friday), Boyd enlisted the help of Johnson. When shown the photos from the delivery, Johnson was astonished.

A mandatory “72-hour” hearing was held Monday to determine if further foster care was necessary for Anthony. The judge granted Boyd and Richards’ daily visitation rights with their son. They could spend three hours a day with him, but they weren’t allowed to bring him home yet. The judge scheduled an ad judicatory hearing for nearly three weeks later.“The leg looked completely messed up,” she said later.

Adjudication is similar to a trial, but the judge makes the final ruling without a jury’s involvement. In this case, the judge would decide if the allegations of child abuse were true. The hearing lasted five hours. The prosecutor argued that Anthony must have been abused, as there was no other explanation for the broken femur. Both the CHOA hospital child protective division doctor and the obstetrician from Anthony’s delivery testified that the kind of break that Anthony had could not have happened at delivery. They were too rare.

Johnson brought in Dr. Julie Mack, a medical expert from Lancaster, Pa., who countered that claim. Mack had research that showed numerous similar cases. In nearly every one, the break wasn’t diagnosed until days later, even if the baby never left the hospital. She also compared the photos from the delivery with Anthony’s X-rays, showing that the swollen area in the picture was where the break was in the X-ray.

The judge ruled for Boyd and Richards. Anthony could finally come home with his parents.

While she is overjoyed to have her son back, the experience has left Boyd scared and upset. She worries every time she has to take Anthony to the pediatrician. She’d done nothing wrong when she took Anthony in with the swollen leg. In fact, she did everything right. But CPS took her child anyway. Boyd felt as if she were guilty until proven innocent. Until CPS said otherwise, she was an abusive parent.

Anthony was later diagnosed with a vitamin D deficiency, likely inherited from his mother. However, he was never tested during the abuse investigation and has not, to date, been diagnosed with rickets.

13 thoughts on “Fractured Leg, Fractured Family: A Misdiagnosis Leads to Allegations of Child Abuse

  1. This happens all the time to so many families, and MOST of the time the hospitals and Doctors DO NOT do their job in ruling out diseases that Mimic child abuse.. and before you know if your children are gone and your life is changed forever. Mistaking child abuse has become an Epidemic at an alarming rate. CHANGES NEED TO BE MADE TO STOP THIS FROMM HAPPENING .. SIGN THIS PETITION AND PASS IT ON . check out these other sites for other heartbreaking stories and information




  2. These agencies are merely a facade of child protection they neither protect the child or help the family. They don’t have the medical knowledge to make a determination of child abuse and when a child enters their care they are often abused more than they ever were in their own home. It is disgusting what our nation has done with all the bonuses offered to destroy a family and adopt a child out. Somehow these agencies need to become accountable to the American public whom they are supposed to be serving and the pipeline of federal dollars needs to stop.

  3. Terrific job of reporting on this sensitive issue, Ryan. I was a day care provider for ten years and was shocked when a child protection officer stopped by my home after an “abuse” charge. A disgruntled parent of a 10 year old (for whom I was doing a HUGE favor) turned me in for feeding her child popcorn for breakfast. It was an early childhood curriculum craft project. But, I don’t think I’ll never forget opening the door to that man with a badge. It’s a nightmare. And mine was a simple thing and this mother lost all her trust in the system. I cannot believe the pediatrician in the hospital who first examined the baby missed this diagnosis. He’s at fault for what these parents went through.

  4. Kudos to Mr. Schill on this excellent reporting. As this case illustrates, an early diagnosis of infant abuse can easily trump common sense, and sometimes prevent sick children from receiving the care they need. For the tragic story of another family eventually exonerated, please see

  5. You have no idea how hard CPS workers try to make these important decisions the right ones. I have worked for the state for almost 10 yesrs and must ask the gut-wrenching questions daily, and determine what must be done to protect these children. We do the best we can with what we have to work with, knowing that our decisions will impact a family for life. We also realize that we must sometimes act on the side of caution because we may be saving that child’s life. I would recommend that anyone who has something bad to say about CPS workers walk in our shoes for a while and see if you can get the bruises from beatings, burns from cigarettes and curling irons, infant pain from withdrawal of mom’s drugs, fear of more fists and belts, sexual and emotional abuse of these children out of your mind. Then think about if, in these horrible cases of abuse of children from zero to 18, you would be able to make a decision to leave a child in a home where this is happening. Workers deal with this every day, taking it home, and wondering if you did all you could to ensure these children would be ok and still alive in the morning. If we remove a child, you think it is wrong. If we leave a child and they are hurt worse or die, the media blames us. I advise you to think before you speak, especially when you do not know the whole story (HIPAA prevents us from disclosing everything), about how you would make the decision to possibly save a child. If there is a doubt, what would you do? What if it were your own child? Would you want them to stay? CPS workers usually invest their whole self in their cases, to do what is in the best interest of the child…I have never made a decision to remove a child where I second guessed myself…it was the right thing to do at that time. My children on my caseload were safe.

    • I totally disagree with your statements about being a Child Protection Worker. If you see NO BRUISES, NO SWELLING, NO TRAUMA, then why is the first assumption still CHILD ABUSE ? As a social worker, you also need to be aware that there are MEDICAL ISSUES that can and will occur with infants and young children. Believe me, I have 2 children myself, and if this story ever happened to me, I dont know what I would do. If and only IF, there was evidence to prove ABUSE (and in this case there was not at all) The social worker should have reviewed the pics immediately, and reversed the decision and gave them their baby back IMMEDIATELY, not wait until there was a hearing on it.

      When was the last time, that a child was TRUELLY abused with NO BRUISING, NO SIGN OF TRAUMA and a fractured bone? This is why mandated testing for other deficiencies like RICKETS is needed. To prove that no abuse is in play, and that it is a medical issue instead. And this needs to be done BEFORE the child is taken from its LOVING CARING parents, that were only trying to seek help for their little one. !!!

    • And if there was DOUBT, I would do EVERYTHING, including testing for a possible medical issue, before tearing a baby away from its mother. The only time a child should be taken from its biological mother, is if there is EVIDENCE !

    • In a recent report, the federal Administration on Children, Youth and Families estimated that 702,000 children were victims of maltreatment in 2009. That’s the equivalent of nine abused children for every 1000 in the population. But the report also says that only one in five investigations of abuse are substantiated. The rest, 80 percent, are cases in which the children are “found to be non-victims of maltreatment.” So only 20% of those cases were ACTUALLY true cases of child abuse. So 561,600 innocent families were put through hell and back.

      Misdiagnosis of child abuse occurs, especially in infants. It is the word of the parents against the medical opinion of the doctor who examines the child. But is it a growing problem?

      “I think it has been a problem since the 1990s or maybe a little earlier -– we just didn’t know it,” Seattle attorney Heather Kirkwood said. “In the past decade, it has begun to spiral, I think . . . one of those pendulums that swings too far and is due for correction. [The same thing] happened in antitrust, too, just not with such disastrous consequences. Here, I suspect that we are looking at hundreds to thousands of destroyed families and falsely imprisoned parents and caretakers.”
      Healthcare workers, doctors, and hospitals owe the patient and the patient’s family a complete investigation of all possible causes of fractures and bone abnormalities. Complete medical histories must be taken. Often, workers fail to recognize the fact that the fractures may be present without external lesions or bruises. By not doing these tests they are doing a huge disservice to the children the parents and the entire medical community ..
      An any SOCIAL WORKERS who fails to conduct their own independent non-presumption tainted investigation” and instead relies exclusively upon the conclusion of child abuse doctors without conducting any independent medical review or confirmation of their own should lose their job and be put on a national list for all to see!!

    • I agree that CPS workers have a tough job; however, as someone who has been in foster care, advocates for the rights of youth in care, and been a parent accused, I beleive that CPS workers should investigate cases properly. They should not look at all cases the same. In fact, if they have a gut feeling that abuse has not taken place then they should not make decisions in a “just in case manner”. Agencies should not let pass law suits make them move to the other end of the spectrum where they are breaking up innocent families just so they can “cover” themselves. I definitely agree that abused children should be protected but when it’s clear that abuse has not taken place, do your job and keep families together.

  6. This inefficiency of justice knows no borders is 100% correct!!! This story sounds all to familiar. Here in Canada in Welland Ontario to be precise, the same story only different happened to a very special person to me. She was the foster mother for a short time of my children who were maliciously abducted by the St. Catharines FAC’s, Welland’s neighbors. This foster mom without a doubt was in it for all the right reasons and had fostered somewhere around 40 children in her nine years of being a foster parent. I know she loved my children and I know my children loved her. Not as much as me of course, but just the same, she loved my children and I know they felt safe and at ease with this family. The whole family. She was this way with not only my children but it was the same with all that she fostered, I’m sure. She even has beautiful children who are now young adults and you couldn’t tell who were their biological and who were their foster/adopted children. I know, I see them, they call her mom,and dad. Sometimes mommy and daddy. They say I love you a lot. They go to her, they love her and she and her husband love them too just the same. Not only did she stand up for me and my children but she stood up for other’s. FAC’s even went so far and asked her to lie to the courts on their behalf to save their asses when my side came to light and they weren’t looking to good. She refused because that is not the type of person that she is. Anyway, after I was released from their death grip and my whole family reunited, her hell was about to begin. She was fired and blackballed from all the other CAS Agencies in Ontario or possibly all of Canada. Also all of the foster parents were told not to talk to her or have anything to do with her. They took the foster children that were living with her at the time,right out of their school, never even letting them say goodbye. These poor children were ripped from where they felt safe and happy, as happy as a foster child can be under these circumstances. One who was a young teen was so distraught he ran away from them and two young siblings were separated when they put them into different homes. They (FAC’s) would later go after this woman’s grown daughter when she took her child to the hospital because of a fall hitting her head. This mom had taken the baby two times to her own pediatration before visiting the hospital when there was an outward appearance that concerned them. The thing is that the doctor who saw the child and did the x-ray went and did further x-rays of the child’s body without consulting the mother or further questioning the mother. He later said, “it was because there were two breaks in the original x-ray. So he instantly suspected child abuse. FACS were called. Not only that but the other x-ray’s that they CLAIM they did, also had two breaks for each bone that they CLAIMED were broken. Later it would turn out that the x-ray machine was broken almost like if there was a piece of hair on the lens and it captured it in all the pictures. Apparently all of the patients that day had the same thing happen. I don’t buy it. I say this family was and is on the target list of the FACs Niagara. They never even saw one x-ray until this day. In addition they have been grossly treated by all departments involved. Especially FAC’s but including the Welland Hospital and the Hamilton Sick Kids Hospital. With the exception for the nurses. Also funny thing is that the the grandmother (my friend) and not the mother are who they really attacked in this and her right to privacy was completely ignored. Yet they have suffered and are not done suffering because those of us who have been put through this criminal abuse knows it will always affect us and our children and on and on. Especially if you speak out and you have the credibility and the strength. Add the love in one’s heart to tell the truth and help others, makes you a very formidable enemy of the Children’s Aid Societies in North America. Also if you are weak or poor and all to many are unaware of their rights, they are snatching them right out of the hospital as their born. They base it on probability. It’s so easy for them to commit these crimes and destroy people. I’m so happy I ran into this article it is extremely helpful. However, I am deeply sorry for Anthony and his family. I and thousands of innocent loving parents know how you feel and I wish you the best. You have to be aware of your rights and the rights of your children. You have to be aware of all the tricks of their trade. keep every piece of information, every card, every love note from your children, every newspaper article your children are in, every good thing because in the future possibly their future they may need to defend their personalities, their up-bringing and mental well-being in an effort to save their own children one day. Not only that but they could be faced with so many different accusations in life that they may need to defend themselves against and once your are in the system guilty or not you are labeled. All to often they are back preying on the offspring of the victims. This young mother did get her baby girl back and rightfully so. The judge in this case knew of my special person’s creditably, she knew that they were attacking this woman in an effort to win and justify the apprehension of this baby. This judge is all to aware of the abuses in the system and the dirty tricks they use. Fortunately she ordered in favor of the mother and ordered the child returned.

  7. When it comes to parents we’re are ALL guilty until proven innocent…
    Actual criminals are innocent until proven guilty….
    So if your kid goes to school and tells a fancy story that indicates abuse you are then labeled an abusive parent and EVERYONE treats you as a criminal until MONTHS later through the courts you PROVE yourself innocent. But in the meantime your family is torn apart and dragged through the mud and your children are emotionally scarred for life.
    BUT if you go kill your neighbor you can keep your family and your life, walk free every day until months and years in the court system they prove whether or not you did it.
    Yep welcome to north america…the land of the free??
    I say north america because its the same in Canada and the US this inefficiency of justice knows no borders.

  8. I’m outraged. I’ve had similiar problems in the state of Maryland with CPS workers. Not with my own children, but a relative. No abuse found, a different situation, but my experience with CPS was horrible. I was involved because the children were placed with me. I felt attacked by CPS the first two months of the investigation and I wasn’t the one that was being investigated!! They receive FALSE CLAIMS and NEVER investigate. They do not do their homework. I thought CPS was all about helping families and trying to keep them together, and in my case, as well as the one i just read about, do the complete opposite. I’m not downing all workers, but I really feel something needs to be done! Too many innocent families are being attacked and the kids get ripped away while the ones that are actually being abused stay there and suffer.